India is growing in terms of population every second parallel to our economic and technological growth. India once known for its agricultural dominion, got so developed that we have few of the most recognized cities in the world. And people from rural places in pursuit of a better living, migrate to urban cities. Cities are always ahead equipped with basic and advanced requirements. But however, the area of the city needed to be bigger to accommodate more people, than making it more congested or densely populated.
So we have the biggest cities in India by their land area.
Also known as the Cultural Capital of the Nation, Kolkata is the biggest city in India with a land mass of 1886.67 sq.km, out of which 185 sq.km is of Metropolis. Kolkata ranks 7th in terms of population, but still is very densely populated with nearly 24,000 people in one square kilometer. This magnificent city is located in the eastern banks of Hooghly River. Kolkata’s history dates back to 17th century AD when Nawab of Mughal dynasty gave East India Company a trading license, since then the city has grown into excellent base base for commercial, education and cultural in the east. Calcuttans speak Bengali mostly. But English is also an official language of the state West Bengal.
Our National Capital Territory, Delhi is in 2ndplace for its land mass of 1484 sq.km, as well as the population. Metro population is of 21,753,486 people and urban population is of 16,314,838. It’s so densely populated that nearly 11,297 people live in one square kilometer. Delhi also serves as an attractive tourist spot being the political power-house of our nation. Delhi has a record of very early settlements that dates back to 6th century BC. But it was incorporated as a city in the year 1857. Later formed as a capital in 1911. The Delhiite speaks Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu generally. But people speaking different tongues too are there. Lotus temple, the famous India Gate, Humayun’s Tomb and Akshardham temple are attractive places in Delhi.
Known formerly by Bombay, Mumbai got its name from the famous goddess Mumbadevi. Mumbai is though didn’t become the national capital but it is the financial and commercial capital of our nation. It is also the Hollywood City of our country, yes! Bollywood is based in Mumbai. This city is 3rd biggest city in our nation with the Metropolis area of 603 sq.km, but this city is considered to be the largest in terms of population with 12,478,447 people. Mumbai’s settlement started back in 1507. Largely developed during the Portuguese rule, now Mumbai is the wealthiest city in India yet the cheapest city in the world to live.
Chennai, “Detroit of India” is very famous for its automobile industry. It is the largest commercial, economic and population base in South India. The metropolis land mass covers an area of 426 sq.km taking the 4th spot in the list. Chennai is also the most densely populated in the south with 20,000 people living in one sq.km. The Chennai, formerly known as Madras was established only in 1639, because of its geographical location – coast of Bay of Bengal. Since India’s independence the city has grown into a huge, metropolitan city.
Kanpur takes the 5th spot with a whopping land mass of 2509 sq.km which includes the suburbs around the city, which comes under Kanpur. Famously called as “Manchester of the East”, Kanpur ranks 10th when it comes to population, with around 4.7million people. The city is situated in the banks of Ganges River, giving high importance to our nation’s history during the Industrial revolution. Kanpur is very famous for its Leather production. The city also records a high literacy rate of 84.14%. Kanpur also has numerous famous spots that makes it attractive.