India is the home to many famous historical monuments, which attract thousands of tourists from around the world every year. These wonderful historical monuments not only reflect the rich culture and heritage of the country but also form the backbone of the tourism industry, both domestic and international. As a result, the government makes efforts to preserve these monuments and spends huge amounts of money for keeping their glory intact.
Listed below are the Top 10 Historical Monuments in India
The Taj Mahal, Agra
A monument which has been declared by UNESCO as one of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal is a symbol of love, which stands on the banks of River Yamuna. This charming building was constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1648 to commemorate his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The masterpiece was created by relentless labor of 22000 csaftsmen in a period of 17 years.
Mysore Palace, Mysore
Another famous Indian monument is the Mysore Place, which is the official residence of the royal family of Mysore. The building was completed in 1912, after a labor of fifteen long years. The architecture of this monument is an amazing example of royalty and prosperity
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Another amazing historical monument of India is the Hawa Mahal, situated in the glorious “Pink City” of Jaipur. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799. The building is a wonderful piece of architecture, providing natural air conditioning through its 953 windows. Another significance of the large number of windows was that they were used as a view point by the royal women of the palace.
Konark Sun Temple, Odisha
The Sun Temple in Konark is another Indian historical monument, which has been included among the UNESCO world heritage sites. It is believed that the magnificent temples were built hundreds of years, by Samba, the son of Lord Krishna and Jambvati.
The Red Fort, Delhi
An important historical monument and now of great political significance for the country is the Red Fort in Delhi. Built in the 17th century by the Mughals, it was used by them to govern the country till 1857. Currently, it is a major government building, where the National Flag is hosted by the Prime Minister on the Independence Day.
Gateway of India, Mumbai
Next on the list of top 10 historical monuments in India is the magnificent Gateway of India, located on the shores of Mumbai. Also called the “Taj Mahal of Mumbai”, the building was started in 1911 to commemorate the arrival of King George v and Queen Mary in India and was completed in 1924.
Qutub Minar, Delhi
Qutub Minar is another glorious example of the wonderful art of architecture of ancient India. Built in 1193 by Qutub ud din Aibek, it is the tallest minar in the country. The minaret stands 72 meters high and has a total of 379 stairs.
Victoria Memorial, Kolkata:
Victoria Memorial in Kolkata is another famous Indian historical monument, which was started to be built in 1901, in the memory of Queen Victoria by Lord Curzon and was completed in 1921. Today, it serves as a museum, with a fabulous collection of paintings and sculptures from the British period.
Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi
A famous relic of the Buddhist religion in India is the Sanchi Stupa in Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. Built by the great emperor Ashoka in 3rd century BC, it is the oldest stone structure in the country and is one of the world heritage sites by UNESCO.
Char Minar, Hyderabad
Hyderabad is a city known for its famous Indian monuments, one of them being the glorious, ancient mosque called Char Minar. It was built in 1591 by Mohammad Quli Qutb Shah and is a relic of the amazing architecture of the period.
All these historical monuments form an important part of the tourism map of the country.